Smart Tips For Smart Living

Self-defense Tactics and Techniques for Men

Indiana law enforcement trainingSometimes there comes a situation when men also face problems with strangers or attackers for money or some other things. In such situations they should use some self-defense tactics to prevent attack on them. Men will be generally strong and they just need few techniques to handle this kind of situations.

Men are generally strong. They usually learn some kind of martial arts or karate, so it will be easy for them to tackle any situation. But, they just need to know some techniques to behave or act smart during the situation and to handle them. Follow the tactics and techniques to keep yourself unharmed.

Kicking techniques: There are a few techniques that you need to learn in kicking to attack the stranger. If you are learning martial arts then these kind of self-defense kicks will be demonstrated by them, otherwise read out this. Best kicking spots are below the belt. Target the places like knee, groin to hurt. Use your foot or knee to deliver the stroke in the selected place. This makes them slow down from making attack.

Striking techniques: Striking techniques can be used on the targeted places like eyes, nose, etc. Eyes are sensitive and you can hurt them easily. So, use your palm, fingers and enough power to hit them hard. This gives you enough time to escape from the attacker.

Know locking techniques: There are various types of locking techniques that you can use to make the attacker get hurt. Know them in advance and use them when necessary. Some of the locking techniques are finger lock, basic arm lock, arm lock, nose break, shoulder throw or drop, etc. These will hurt the attacker hardly. This will help you to escape from the person. These locking techniques can be learned easily and they don’t need any extreme efforts and it is one of the good self-defense tactic.

Tackling defense: Tackling is the technique used by the attacker to control you. Unless you are a good fighter you can’t face this. So, better don’t get into this grappling or counter situation. In that situation you should turn his face so that he can’t reach you to have control on you. So, be aware of the coming situation and be prepared.

These are some of the few tactics and techniques you can use to tackle the situation and get self protection against the attacker.
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What are the Benefits of Learning German Language?

Are you planning to learn German language? If yes, then you have made the right decision.

German teacherWhen it comes to learning a new language, you will get multiple benefits. Thus, some learn for business reasons, some to increase knowledge about the culture and lifestyle of Germany, and some learn so that it will help them while traveling to Germany. Whatever might the reason be, learning a new language like German will help you in many aspects in life. Here are some of the ways you will benefit when you learn German.

Creates business opportunities
Germany is ranked third in the world as an industrialized nation. Knowing German will improve your relation and communication with German business partners and therefore your chances for success. It strengthens your business opportunities and gives you a competitive edge.

For better career opportunities
Many firms, companies and organizations are looking for bilingual employees and pay high salaries to them. Knowing German is an added advantage for your career. Learning German makes you a valuable asset to your firm as you will be able to speak to their clients. It will make you more competitive in the employment market.

To make your travel more pleasurable
While traveling to German or any other European countries where German is widely spoken, knowing German will make your travel experience more meaningful and memorable. You will be able to hold a conversation with people living there and know more about their customs, traditions and history. It will also be easy for you to communicate with the hotel personnel, store employees, street vendors and if you are asking somebody’s help for directions.

For cultural understanding
Learning German will not only give you an understanding of the foreign country, but also about their culture. German culture has its own history, literature, tradition and many more interesting aspects that will open a whole new world to you. You will be able to connect through books, TV, and converse with people, which will broaden your horizons, interests and views.

Opportunities to study
There are a number of scholarships that Germany awards and also supports in many other ways to study in Germany. Knowing German will help you in applying for student grants and you will also experience of having studied at a university abroad, and know their standards of teaching. Learning German will not only give you access to the study material, but you will also be able to communicate with your fellow students.

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OSHA: Emergency Action Plan (EAP) For Fire Hazards

The chances of occurrence of fire hazards in some industries vary from minimal amount to considerable amounts in some other industries. OSHA proposes to frame an Emergency Action Plan (EAP) to employers that will be very effective in evacuating the workforce out of the workplace in due time to avoid an casualty in case of fire hazards. Though OSHA does not make it mandatory for every employer to have an EAP, it recommends that every employer should have an EAP for unprecedented times. The OSHA standards that require a mandatory EAP are as follows:

  • Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals
  • Fixed Extinguishing Systems, General
  • Fire Detection Systems
  • Grain Handling
  • Ethylene Oxide
  • Methylenedianiline
  • 1,3 Butadiene

How an employer must communicate an emergency action plan
If the number of employees is 10 or fewer, then the employer can communicate the plan orally to his employers. In case the number of employees is more than 10, the plan must be documented and kept at the workplace for the employee review.

Elements of an emergency action plan
An EAP ensures that proper procures and actions are initiated in case of a fire hazard at the workplace to ensure that all the employees are safe and evacuated in due time safely. OSHA recommends employers to have following elements on their EAP:

  • The clear indication and description of the routes to use and the procedures to follow in case of a fire hazard.
  • It should ensure that all the employees are evacuated in due time.
  • Procedures for evacuating disabled persons should be there without fail. They are often ignored in the EAP.
  • Evacuation of the persons who stay behind to shit down important plant machinery and equipment should also be addressed.
  • A fire emergency alarm system should be provided, which will effectively detect the fire and sound alarm for the employees to recognize the hazard in good amount of time.
  • Rescue procedures and the procedures for employees carrying out medical duties should also be included.
  • Proper training should be ensured to the employees and the EAP should be kept for review at the workplace.

Some employees should be designated for specific roles in the EAP to ensure that evacuation takes place methodically and in a structured way. Review of the plan with the employees should be carried out in following cases:

  • When new plan is framed and new employees join.
  • When employee responsibilities designated under the plan are changed.
  • When the EAP is changed.

An EAP is very important for safety of the employees in case of a fire hazard. It makes sure that employees do not panic in case of a hazard and be prepared to face it. It ensures maximum safety of the personnel with minimum chances of casualty.
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Different Types of Water Purification Techniques

Water purification is the process of purifying water by removing contaminants or microbial residues present in the water and make it acceptable for use. There are different types of purification techniques such as:

Boiling
Boiling water at 100 degrees Celsius is the traditional method of killing microbes causing intestinal diseases. But it cannot remove chemical toxins or impurities. Heating at 100 degrees Celsius for 10 minutes purifies water and makes it acceptable for use.

Distillation
Distillation technique works on the principle of condensation. In this technique, water is boiled at 100 degrees Celsius. Then water vapor raises to the condenser where cool water is passed to reduce the temperature, and vapor is condensed, collected and stored. The advantage of distillation is it removes broad range of contaminants. Disadvantage of this is that some contaminants carry into the condensate and it consumes more energy.

Reverse osmosis
Reverse osmosis uses filters to remove particles present in the water. It is an economical method and removes upto 99% of contaminants. The pore size of the reverse osmosis filter is more than ultra filters. It removes all the particles with greater than 300 daltons molecular weight. In this hydraulic pressure is applied to the concentrated solution to counteract the osmotic pressure. Thereby pure water is separated from the concentrated solution and collected at the bottom stream of the membrane.

Activated carbon absorption
It is a home based method of purification of water. In this method activated carbon is used to remove chlorine and all the contaminated particles present in the water. It will also remove many chemicals and gases. It will not affect total dissolved substances. It is prepared from a variety of carbon materials and processed under high temperatures. The main disadvantage of this method is it generates small carbon fines in water.

Desalination
It is the process of purification of saline water to form pure drinking water. This process is used in both distillation and reverse osmosis technique. It is expensive compared to other methods and it has limited use.

Gas hydrate centrifuge method
This technique is used to remove the contaminants from water by mixing carbon dioxide or low molecular weight gases to it. This creates hydrated crystals. These crystals are separated by centrifuge or sedimentation. Then purified water can be released by heating these crystals.

Ultra violet radiation
Ultra violet radiation treatment is used to kill microbes present in drinking water. Mercury low pressure lamps with ultra violet 254nm is passed through the water to purify it. This ultra violet radiation is absorbed by the DNA and proteins in the microbes present in the water and inactivates the microorganisms.

Direct contact membrane distillation
This method is used to purify saline water and converts into pure water. In this technique, water is heated and passed on to the surface of the hydrophobic polymeric membrane. Then evaporated water is passed from hot side to the cold side through pores on the membrane.
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Why Going Out With Friends is More Fun

All of us believe that teenage days, particularly when we used to go to schools and colleges were the best days of our life. Friends add color and thrill to life. If you want to spend sometime with your friends, plan a trip and go out with your friends. This is the best way to spend time with your friends. You will enjoy and cherish every moment of the trip.

A good company of friends is all you need
The biggest thing is you can be your usual self. You do not have to portray someone who you are not; like as all of us do when we are with our parents.

You do not need to restrict yourself. Just open up and be yourself. You can do things you cannot do while with parents and you can go to places you cannot go to with your parents. You can pursue the adventure sport you always wanted to do which your family did not allow. You can have night outs singing and dancing on a river front or you can pick up a choice for some challenging and unreachable destinations. The list is great and all of will surely have some points in your mind. When you are with family, you have to mold yourself in a way that it suits them but with friends, you can discover yourself more.

Go ahead and fulfill your dreams
You are safe in any part of the world if you are with your friends. You have to be less concerned about your luggage and the one who have accompanied you. Everyone can take care of themselves and their belongings and in case of a problem, everyone is there to take care of it. You need to be less careful and watchful. Moreover, no one can think of pickpocketing you or messing with you. He knows that consequences can be very bad.

No need to mention the quality of time and the fun you do during the vacation with your friend. Your friendship grows stronger and you have better understanding of each other. You will soon start feeling the old strength and vigor you had as a school boy. Invariably, you will start living your school days again. Isn’t it fun? Indeed it is. You will have a lot of memories of the trip even after it is over and soon you will be looking forward for a next trip.

Things to take care of
Traveling in groups with friends can suddenly make you feel stronger but it doesn’t imply that you fall in unnecessary complications. Getting into a legal complication is very risky and bad for you. Avoid going to illegal places and consuming illegal things. Also it is very advisable to respect culture and tradition of the place and do not mock it. Always strive to follow the national and cultural rules of the place.
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How to Improve Car Mileage

As gas prices continue to increase, improvement of the vehicle mileage is one of the major concerns. To increase the car mileage, here are some tips to spend less money on gas by increasing your car’s efficiency.

Keep the optimum tire pressure

  • With optimal tire pressure you can make a lot of difference to your car’s fuel efficiency.
  • Lesser the tire pressure means increased contact area between the tire and the road. Due to this, the friction between the tire and the road increases, resulting in higher fuel consumption.

Reduce trips

  • Making short trips,the engine will consume more fuel, because your car consumes extra fuel when you crank the engine.

Changing to highest gear

  • By shifting the car to the highest possible gear without engine knocking, you can increase the mileage.
  • Engine can consume more fuel in lower gears when accelerating.
  • Changing to 1,500 rpm for diesel engine gives the best output of speed and economy.

Clean all the engine components regularly

  • Clean the engine components regularly, don’t drive your vehicle with dirty or clogged filters.
  • A serviced engine will consume less fuel, so regular maintenance can helps your engine to increase mileage.

Lower your car weight

  • Weight is one of the biggest causes for loss of kinetic energy in your car.
  • Any parts or accessories you are adding to your vehicle can increase the weight resulting in low fuel efficiency.
  • Wind drag such as rooftop will also decrease the fuel efficiency.
  • Make sure you are not carrying any unnecessary cargo.

Tune up the engine

  • A engine can get maximizes power by tuning up the engine, resulting in higher fuel efficiency.
  • Idling a vehicle wastes the fuel,the best way to warm up a vehicle is to drive it slowly until it reaches correct operating temperature.

Check the condition of air filter

  • A dirty filter will reduce fuel economy, due to clogging of dirt particles in the air filter.
  • Replace the fuel filter according to the manufacturer’s recommended schedule.

Avoid braking wherever possible

  • Braking of vehicle wastes energy from fuel that have already burned.
  • Braking consumes more fuel than driving at a constant speed.

In fuel-injected cars, make sure the oxygen sensors, engine emissions system are in good condition.

A damaged oxygen sensor may be too rich in the fuel mixture, resulting in decrease of your car fuel mileage by 20%.

Avoid using the air conditioner when it is not required because it consumes more fuel.
Use synthetic oil in your car to improve fuel efficiency.
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Tips for Simple Home Gardening

Home gardening is a hobby of growing plants. It relieves us from stress and gives relaxation to mind. Here are some tips for simple home gardening.

Wear gloves
Gloves is the one of the basic essential accessory in the gardening. Wear gloves while you work in the gardening. It protects hands from cuts, thorns, blisters or sun burns. Now a days, these are available in different types based on the task you perform in gardening. In some cases, you need to work with out gloves, then dirt will accumulate under the nails. Draw your nails across the soap bar to remove dirt and brush your nails to remove accumulated soap.

Plant in a clean pot
If you want to plant in a used pot, then salt deposits may accumulate on the pot’s surface. Clean your pot by spraying equal portions of vinegar, rubbed alcohol and water from a spay bottle and scrub with brush. Then rinse your pot with water and dry it and place a plant.

Avoid planting in poor soil
Poor soil may alter the plant growth. For better plant growth, plant in a good nutritious soil. Skip planting in poor soil and shade unless specified.

Write the name of the plants
To identify each plant, write the name of the plant with permanent marker on the flat surface of the stones and place them near the particular plant. This will help you to identify the plant easily

Home made nutrients and fertilizers
Don’t pour down the waste water you get after boiling or steaming vegetables. Pour on the plant as it acts as nutrient for plant and see how the plant responds to it. Use left over coffee or tea for plants need acidic soils which keeps the soil acidic. Use chamomile tea to control damping off fungus. Apply this to the soil around the base of the seeding once a week.

Utility bag
It is difficult to carry all the tools through out the garden. Use utility bag to carry long handled tools to and from garden and also carry a bag to dispose debris or weeds removed from the plant or wastes removed from the garden. Throw them in compost when the bag is full.

Take preventive measures
Use fine nutrient rich fertilizer as mulch. Spread the fresh mulch on your soil in a thick layer to your garden every year. A layer of mulch keeps weed from sprouting and makes the soil to retain water. Therefore you can weed and water the plant less often. This saves your time.
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Constructing Swimming Pool in Your Backyard for Protecting Your Privacy

Do you want to construct a swimming pool in your backyard garden landscape? This is a good idea but are you worried of your privacy when you are in the pool? Then read this article, it will give you some suggestions for protecting the privacy with small enhancements in your garden and the pool. Privacy is the essential factor that people should have when they are in pool so; this article will give you tips regarding privacy from the outside world when you are in the pool.

Fencing
Privacy fencing around your pool with stones, wood, aluminum or metal is a traditional method of constructing a boundary. When constructing the privacy fence it is necessary to build it closely if it is in a chain form i.e., without gaps. It gives you privacy along with many other benefits like safety of the children around the pool, enhances the appearance of the garden, affordability, boosts the exterior design of your home etc. Fencing can be installed and removed easily. It is affordable for the people who cannot spend on permanent walls.

Big walls
People who need complete privacy in their pool and who can afford more on privacy providing things, these big walls is a good choice. Construct a big wall around your home and pool. So, that people of outside cannot see the inside of the home. Big walls give more privacy than the fencing. You can also decorate your pool big wall with plants near the wall. This will not reflect that you have constructed the wall for the privacy.

Large evergreen trees
This is one of the best approaches if your pool is located in a garden and this gives natural look and will not show that you are concerned about the privacy for the people. It is a perfect living fence giving protection and privacy throughout the year. This also gives good texture to your landscape. Better, group all of them, so that it grows in large amount without any spaces in between. Apart from privacy this trees give you fresh air and peace of mind.

Ornamental grass
A fence with ornamental grass is a good technique for creating privacy near the pool. This works well not only in providing privacy but also to avoid noise, bad view and any other distractions. This also adds texture to your garden landscape and gives a privacy area in the pool.

These are the few methods or techniques through which you can get privacy when you are in the pool. Follow these techniques if you are worried about the privacy and other issues.
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Benefits of Using Printed Circuit Boards

Today, electronic devices and gadgets use PCBs. These are advantageous, which makes them most prominent in the domain of electronics. Today, the electronics industry can’t do without PCB.
There are certain features that make PCBs important for a circuit design. Some important features are discussed below.

Provides mechanical support and working environment friendly
Compared to the primitive point – point contact, the soldering of components on a PCB gives them better durability to shocks and jerks. The absence of wires offers less chance getting disconnection of components due to mechanical stresses. The wires are replaced by etched conductors on a pate made of an insulating substrate.

In addition to offering resistance to mechanical stresses, PCBs are suitable for various kinds of working environment: with high heat, chemical environment, etc. PCBs can be coated with suitable materials to make them resistant to heat and chemical.

Easy troubleshooting
With the circuit design known and components properly and firmly soldered and connected through etched tracks, the probability of faults is less. Even if faults occur by chance, it’s easy to identify fault and replace the faulty component to iron out the fault.

Miniaturization of circuits and value addition
With the development of advanced manufacturing and designing techniques, PCBs can be designed with much complexity accommodating more and more components in less amount of space. This is the main reason that the sizes of our television sets, radio sets, mobile phones and many other gadgets are getting smaller. Software designing of circuits has made it possible to design complex circuits.

The reduction in size allows for the accommodation of extra features in the same space by incorporating the needed circuitry in the space saved. This is the reason why the gadgets are becoming smaller and more sophisticated with more features.

Cost minimization
With PCBs gettomg smaller, a lot of substrate material can be saved. In addition, the need for long wires for connecting the components is eliminated due to short copper tracks on the substrates. Mass production of PCBs can result in several like PCB within a short span of time. All these factors are responsible for the electronics getting cheaper and cheaper over the days making it viable to everyone.

Enhanced performance characteristics
Today, PCBs experience fewer faults than their previous counterparts due to their better component organization and designing attributes. Conductor etchings mainly of copper are used as conductive links between the components. This ensures minimum conductor size to be used for the purpose and thus leads to minimum heat loss in the wires. Additionally, data transfer speeds are well enhanced by using PCB technology for circuit boards.
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Determine What is Good for You – Legal Separation or Divorce?

Many couples feel nostalgic after divorce and think that they unnecessarily got into the predicament. This is because they are unaware of the rules and types of laws that are in for in their states. There is a type of law for legal separation before you need divorce in some states and countries. Here we are clearly defining what actually is legal separation and divorce, and what the benefits are that couple will have with legal separation over divorce. Read this article and then come to a conclusion.

Legal separation
Legal separation is an alternative and better option than divorce for most couples that make decisions wrongly. Legal separation is for people who are not willing to live together but, don’t want to end up their marriage. We can call it as a temporary separation.

Many countries and states have this kind of law and they just need the legal separation agreement. For this, you just need to approach a family lawyer and talk to them regarding the legal separation and get a legal separation agreement, which includes all the issues like child and spousal support and others. This agreement should be signed by both spouses and then get approved by the court with the judge’s signature, so that you will have protection even after the separation as it is legal. In that case you can be legally separated and can live individually.

You need to consider several things during the legal separation and for that it is better to take the help of the lawyer. After legal separation, the couple can again come back and live together once their problem is solved. Therefore, if you are in the state or country that has the law on legal separation, you are probably lucky. This is a good opportunity for the couples to resolve their issues as soon as possible and get back to the family life. There are, of course, many other advantages that you can get through legal separation.

Divorce
To differentiate divorce from legal separation, we explain to you the actual definition of divorce. Usually, people will have many questions regarding divorce, what the procedure is to get divorce, how to proceed, etc. In general, a divorce is a legal action for couple who don’t want to continue their relation with spouses and want snap their marital relationship.

There are many types of divorce – the general divorce is the one that that has been stated in the above definition. To get divorced, at first the couple or any one of the spouses can approach an attorney. Tell the lawyer that you are planning for divorce. Then, several questions may come to you by the lawyer and you need to answer all of them and confirm the lawyer that you need divorce. And then, you need to file a case in the court. Now, the court will investigate the issue and will question both parties and if it thinks that you are eligible for the divorce, it will approve your divorce papers and will issue a legal notice for the permanent separation.

It’s sensible to avoid divorce as far as practicable. Make sure to have a mutual understanding which could result in no need of divorce or legal separation.
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Prevention of Gum Diseases

Gum diseases are infection of the gingival tissue and bone that supports the teeth. Gum diseases are due to the build up of plaque. If plaque is not removed by daily brushing and flossing, it leads to the inflammation of gums and finally leads to the separation of gums from teeth and pockets gets developed between the gums and teeth. There are preventive measures to prevent gum diseases. These include:

Maintaining oral hygiene

  • Brushing twice daily with soft bristle brush improves oral hygiene
  • Be sure to brush along the gum line
  • Flossing regularly to remove plaque between the teeth
  • Use tooth paste containing fluorides helps to removes microbes from mouth
  • Change your brush once in 3 months

Avoid smoking and tobacco products
Smoking and using tobacco products increases the risk of periodontal diseases. The more frequently you smoke or chew tobacco, the more will be the risk of gum diseases. Candidates with smoking or chewing tobacco tends to have more tartar growth on teeth & damages gum tissue. This leads to gum problems. Avoid smoking and chewing tobacco to prevent your gums from infections.

Rinsing with anti microbial mouth washes
Choose anti microbial mouth wash with no alcohol content. Alcohol makes your mouth to dry which leads to tooth decay. Rinse your mouth with anti microbial mouth wash once after brushing in the morning and bed time. This helps you to remove any microbial growth in mouth and prevents you from gum diseases.

Chew sugar free gums
Chewing sugar free gums increases saliva secretions in mouth. This washes out the microbes in the mouth and prevents gum problems.

Eat nutritious food
Taking nutritious food improves the immune system and helps to fight against infections. Avoid starch and sugary foods which may stick to the teeth and leads to the formation of plaque. Intake of foods containing rich vitamin-c helps you to prevent gum bleeding

Avoid some medicines
Some medications have side effect of xerostomia (dryness of mouth) and bacterial growth in the mouth which leads to the formation of plaque. Avoid anti depressant drugs, anti epilepsy drugs and some drugs that is used to control blood pressure, as it may aggravate gum diseases.

Diseases
Some diseases like heart attacks, respiratory problems and diabetes increases the risk of gum problems. Ask your dentist to know how to maintain healthy gums to prevent the risk of gum problems.

Regular dental checkups
Regular dental checkups helps you to diagnose the signs of gum problems in early stages and can prevent gum diseases.