Gum diseases are infection of the gingival tissue and bone that supports the teeth. Gum diseases are due to the build up of plaque. If plaque is not removed by daily brushing and flossing, it leads to the inflammation of gums and finally leads to the separation of gums from teeth and pockets gets developed between the gums and teeth. There are preventive measures to prevent gum diseases. These include:
Maintaining oral hygiene
- Brushing twice daily with soft bristle brush improves oral hygiene
- Be sure to brush along the gum line
- Flossing regularly to remove plaque between the teeth
- Use tooth paste containing fluorides helps to removes microbes from mouth
- Change your brush once in 3 months
Avoid smoking and tobacco products
Smoking and using tobacco products increases the risk of periodontal diseases. The more frequently you smoke or chew tobacco, the more will be the risk of gum diseases. Candidates with smoking or chewing tobacco tends to have more tartar growth on teeth & damages gum tissue. This leads to gum problems. Avoid smoking and chewing tobacco to prevent your gums from infections.
Rinsing with anti microbial mouth washes
Choose anti microbial mouth wash with no alcohol content. Alcohol makes your mouth to dry which leads to tooth decay. Rinse your mouth with anti microbial mouth wash once after brushing in the morning and bed time. This helps you to remove any microbial growth in mouth and prevents you from gum diseases.
Chew sugar free gums
Chewing sugar free gums increases saliva secretions in mouth. This washes out the microbes in the mouth and prevents gum problems.
Eat nutritious food
Taking nutritious food improves the immune system and helps to fight against infections. Avoid starch and sugary foods which may stick to the teeth and leads to the formation of plaque. Intake of foods containing rich vitamin-c helps you to prevent gum bleeding
Avoid some medicines
Some medications have side effect of xerostomia (dryness of mouth) and bacterial growth in the mouth which leads to the formation of plaque. Avoid anti depressant drugs, anti epilepsy drugs and some drugs that is used to control blood pressure, as it may aggravate gum diseases.
Some diseases like heart attacks, respiratory problems and diabetes increases the risk of gum problems. Ask your dentist to know how to maintain healthy gums to prevent the risk of gum problems.
Regular dental checkups
Regular dental checkups helps you to diagnose the signs of gum problems in early stages and can prevent gum diseases.